The War-Crimes Trial of Slobodan Milosevic
The Hague, 2002 - 2006
and other ex-Yugoslavia war-crimes trials
Live audio and video coverage of the war-crimes trials
Milosevic Trial Public Archive
The Death of Slobodan Milosevic Some observations.
The Trial of General Ratko Mladic
SENSE – TRIBUNAL is a project of SENSE News Agency based at the International War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague. The focus of this project is regular, balanced and comprehensive coverage of the work of the ICTY, and the activities of ICJ (International Court of Justice) and ICC (International Criminal Court).
See also the following coverage from the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR):
Tribunal Update on issues and events at the War Crimes Tribunal (Searchable index)
See also daily trial reports by the Coalition for International Justice, 2002-2006
Transcripts of trials (Register, sign in, and search by name of defendant)
See also the archives of the International Justice Watch Discussion List: A forum of news and opinions on the international war crimes tribunals for ex-Yugoslavia and Rwanda, as well as the conflicts that gave rise to the tribunals, the International Criminal Court, and international humanitarian law (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes).
Indictments of Milosevic by the UN War Crimes Tribunal:
Kosovo: Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes, as amended October 16, 2001
Croatia: Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes, October 8, 2001
Bosnia: Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity, and War Crimes, November 22, 2001
For profiles of some of the war-crimes defendants at The Hague, see
They Would Never Hurt a Fly, by Slavenka Drakulic (2005)
Peace and Punishment By Florence Hartmann, 2007
With ICTY we have almost 15 years of experience of how an international judicial body works - important information about the problems, deficiencies and negatives, which were part of the ICTY experience.
The fact is that the US, the UK, and France did know that an offensive on Srebrenica was going to happen. Our investigation revealed that the U.S. had very good intelligence capacity in the region in 1995. They created an intelligence underground compound in Croatia in order to intercept conversation of the Serbian leadership. We were interested in the U.S. intelligence materials because of our investigation against Milosevic and especially in conversations between the Serbian and the Bosnian Serb leadership in spring and summer of 1995. However the U.S. refused to give it to us.
So far we know, however, that Mladic was in contact with the Belgrade leadership to prepare the attack on Srebrenica. So by intercepting those conversations the US had enough advance notice of what was going to happen. Through other intelligence means, they knew that special units trained to kill were joining the area just before the beginning of the offensive. But neither the US nor France or the UK did anything to stop it.
In this section we will include articles of particular interest as they come to our attention.
Note: Each article shown below represents the opinion of the author, and not necessarily of anyone else.
NEW Hague Verdicts Allow Commanders to Evade Justice The Hague Tribunalís acquittal of Yugoslav general Momcilo Perisic worryingly shifts responsibility for war crimes. Since 2012, the tribunal has sought to see out its existence by undoing the accomplishments of the previous phase, applying narrow standards of liability to shift guilt away from the commanders and back onto the people who made no decisions but carried out plans developed by others. By Eric Gordy, Balkan Insight, March 1, 2013
Western Promises Discussion of the book Peace and Punishment: The Secret Wars of Politics and International Justice by Florence Hartmann, formerly spokesperson for the ICTY chief prosecutor. Reviews the role of Western governments in undermining the work of the Tribunal. Discusses role of Milosevic as the mastermind of the Srebrenica massacre, and argues that Western officials knew this when they were negotiating with him. The book reports that Serbian documents provided strong evidence of Belgrade's control over Serbian political and military forces in Croatia and Bosnia, including the previously unknown existence of two entities within the joint chiefs of staff in Belgrade in charge of coordinating funding and personnel for the Serbian armies in those two countries By Marc Perelman, The Nation, January 7, 2008
Two cases at the Hague tribunal, concerning Kosovo and Srebrenica, will show the details of the guilt of the indicted Serbian authorities. IWPR, July 14, 2006
Kosovo Trial Srebrenica Trial
Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity A Topical Digest of the Case Law of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
This 861-page book organizes the decisions of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia by topic, including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, individual criminal responsibility, command responsibility, affirmative defenses, jurisdiction, sentencing, fair trial rights, guilty pleas and appellate review. Download full text of the book (pdf file, 2.7 Mb). July 2006
"Patient: S. Milosevic." Reporter, a Dutch television-program, has published the entire medical file of Slobodan Milosevic on its website. The site contains internal memos from the ICTY, correspondence between his attending physicians, brain scans, hearing tests, lab results, medicine charts, and the medical examiners' report. Milosevic and his son wanted his medical file to be made public. June 2006
Who Gave the Order? - Scorpion Trial 2 By Jasmina Tesanovic, January 26, 2006
Eyewitness account from Belgrade courtroom by one of the Women in Black.
Book Review: Judgement Day: The Trial of Slobodan Milosevic by Chris Stephen, December 2005
The author sheds light on how dealing with its most infamous defendant inadvertently helped shape policymaking with regard to the creation of the International Criminal Court, ICC, the world’s first permanent war crimes tribunal. Once the court’s greatest supporter, America is now its fiercest critic. The US government is currently in the forefront of efforts to prevent war crimes justice becoming a permanent feature on the world map, in opposition to the European Union and its support for the new International Criminal Court.
The Capitulation of the Hague Tribunal By Marko Attila Hoare, June 2005
The recent announcement that the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia will not be issuing any more indictments against war-crimes suspects amounts to the Tribunal’s capitulation: with the sole exception of Milosevic himself, the men most responsible for the bloodshed in the former Yugoslavia have escaped justice.
Milosevic Wire Tap Revelations IWPR, February 6, 2004 (Republished November 9, 2005)
Telephone intercepts appear to expose Milosevic role in Croatian and Bosnian conflicts.
See also: Intercepts of telephone calls between (former) Yugoslav officials
Audio and transcripts of intercepted conversations between various Serb plotters and murderers. The conversations have been added to the evidence at the Milosevic trial. Transcripts are in English and Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian. 1991-1992
The Fog of Justice By Tim Judah, New York Review of Books, January 15, 2004 (PDF)
How the Milosevic trial is affecting the former Yugoslavia. For a comment on Judah's article, click here.
War Crime and Punishment By Guy Lesser, Harper's Magazine, January 2004
Extensive analysis of the Hague tribunal.
Lagging Behind Reality By Bogdan Ivanisevic, Vreme (Belgrade), December 11, 2003
An analysis explaining the main fallacies in the Serbian public's negative perceptions of the Hague tribunal's work.
Helena Ranta's Testimony at The Hague - Transcript March 12, 2003 (Word document)\
Expert Testifies Racak Not Staged Coalition for International Justice, March 12, 2003
Dr. Helena Ranta's testimony summarized. She reiterated that "There were no indications of [the Racak massacre victims] being other than unarmed civilians."
Serbs, Not NATO Strike, Killed Inmates, Hague Court Hears By Marlise Simons, The New York Times, August 28, 2002
In May 1999 NATO air strikes killed 19 Albanians in a Serbian prison. The next day Serbian authorities killed over 100 more and tried to lay the blame on NATO.
The Case of the Missing Witnesses, by Mirko Klarin, IWPR, June 12, 2002
Key US officials involved in the international bid to solve the Kosovo crisis are absent from the witness list in the Milosevic trial.
The Star of The Hague, by Tim Judah, New York Review of Books, April 25, 2002
Report on the trial from Belgrade and The Hague.
Kosovo Victims Gagged, by Mirko Klarin, IWPR, April 22, 2002. (Republished February 22, 2005)
Statements of Kosovar witnesses to Serbian war crimes are allowed to be filed on paper, but the world does not hear their stories.
An Audience with Milosevic, by Mirna Jancic, IWPR, April 6, 2002. (Republished February 22, 2005)
Milosevic may mock his victims from the Hague tribunal, but it's their best hope of getting justice. As one journalist remarked, "Imagine if Osama Bin Laden was allowed to cross-examine the survivors of the World Trade Centre." Yet I left for London convinced that the Balkans' only hope of establishing some accountability and at least some of the truth about the region's recent wars lies right there, in The Hague.
U.S. calls for phase-out of Hague tribunals, news reports, February 28, 2002
European allies disagree.
The Normalcy of War Criminals, by Slavenka Drakulic, Mother Jones, February 27, 2002
As the trial of Slobodan Milosevic continues, a Croatian novelist considers how disturbingly mundane war criminals are.
Milosevic Challenged by Racak Survivors, by Gordana Igric, IWPR, February 18, 2002. (Republished February 22, 2005)
Slobodan Milosevic accuses the West of fabricating a massacre at Racak as a pretext for NATO intervention. One reporter at the scene recalls the survivors' testimony.
It's sick to ignore our part in the making of Milosevic, by Hugo Young, The Guardian, February 14, 2002
British writer discusses past UK and US collaboration with Milosevic.
Milosevic Planned Kosovo Deportation, by Anthony Borden, IWPR, February 13, 2002
Prosecution says Milosevic was "controlling force" behind a "concerted effort" to expel Albanians from Kosovo.
War Crimes and Individual Responsibility: A PRIMA FACIE CASE FOR THE INDICTMENT OF SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC By Paul Williams and Norman Cigar, 1997